Wooden footbridge over river in dutch countryside near Groningen under amazing dark sunset during a sunday afternoon stroll

What are Natural COMMONS

In order to better familiarize yourself with the notion of COMMONS, and in particular of COMMONS called Universal and Natural and also called Physical COMMONS, here is a short presentation, which is not intended to be exhaustive, of what are Natural COMMONS.

  1. Natural COMMONS are all COMMONS that are based on a natural resource, abundant or not, on Earth or elsewhere.
  2. The notion of Universal means, either a Common Good present throughout the Earth (Air for example). Or a Common Good whose benefits of exploitation must be shared by all. (i.e Gold Mine underwater outside the Territorial Waters)

Here is therefore, on the basis of these two criteria, a beginning of the list of Universal Physical COMMONS:
– Air
– Water
– All Raw Mineral Materials in the broad sense, initially located outside Territorial Waters.
– All forms of oil (liquid, bitumen,…) and Gas (liquid, shale,…) outside the Territorial Waters initially as seen above. Parks, Reserves and biological and ecological preservation areas, such as what Australia’s Great Barrier Reef or the Amazon could be.
– Mountains that are symbolic for Human Culture such as Mount Everest, Mont Blanc, Elbrusz, Mount Ararat, Sinai, Kilimanjaro, Aconcagua, Denali, Puncak Jaya, Mount Kosciuszko to name but the highest and most culturally known. But many other Mountains, or hills, have cultural significance or are remarkable beauties to add to the list of COMMONS.
– Important Lakes and Rivers such as the Nile or the Amazon.

P.S 0 Agricultural Resources (fields, orchards, etc…) are not among these types of Universal Goods.

A starry sky without advertising!

The Sky is Ours!

Some COMMONS can be used by everyone.
Some others by none!

One of the Commons of Nature, in addition to air, is also the Sky.
No one can use the Sky, which belongs to all, for his own “needs” (or rather desires or whims…).

However, this is what the Russian company StartRocket would propose at the initiative of this “idea” (?) which would consist in polluting, since there are no other words, visually and spatially the sky belonging to all by Advertisements praising the merits of such or such product and a priori rather sweetened drinks…

You will find the Technical details of this Project in different Press reviews (Although some “articles” on the subject are strangely similar ..).

What is important to us in the context of the Commons is the usual observation that:

  1. Ultra Capitalism is ready for anything, including, as is often the case, selling what does not belong to it and abusing, in every sense of the word, Natural Resources;
  2. This use de facto depreciates the Natural Resource, probably gradually eliminating it or reducing it to a shambles;
  3. We must reaffirm, each day, the importance of the Commons. And to implement the means to preserve them. Then/and include this protection in different laws or in Binational, multiple or international treaties.

Alpharis